Saturday, July 29, 2006

On Tibet

* Size: 2.5 million kilometers2
* Capital: Lhasa
* Population: 6 million Tibetans and an undetermined number of Chinese, most of whom are in Kham and Amdo
* Religion: Tibetan Buddhism is practiced by 99% of the Tibetan Population
* Language: Tibetan (of the Tibeto-Burmese language family). The official language is Chinese after Chinese occupation in 1959.
* Staple Food: Tsampa (roasted barley flour)
* National Drink: Salted butter tea
* Typical Animals: Wild yak, Bharal (blue) sheep, Musk deer, Tibetan antelope, Tibetan gazelle, Kyang (wild ass), Pica
* Typical Birds: Black necked crane, Lammergeier, Great crested grebe, Bar headed goose, Ruddy shel duck, Ibis-bill.
* Major Environmental Problems: Rampant deforestation in eastern Tibet; desertification, poaching of large mammals
* Average Altitude: 14,000 Feet
* Highest Mountain: Chomo Langma (Mt. Everest) 29,028 ft
* Average Temperature: July 58º F; January 24º F
* Mineral Deposits: Borax, uranium, iron, chromite, gold
* Major Rivers: Mekong, Yangtse, Salween, Tsangpo, Yellow, Indus, Karnali
* Economy: Tibetans: predominantly in agriculture and animal husbandry. Chinese: predominantly in government, commerce and the service sector
* Provinces: U-Tsang (Central Tibet) Amdo (N.E. Tibet), Kham (S.E. Tibet)
* Bordering Countries: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, China
* National Flag: Snow lions with red and blue rays. Outlawed in Tibet
* Political and Religious Leader: The 14th Dalai Lama. In exile in Dharamsala, India
* Government: Communist (after Chinese occupation in 1959)
* Relationship with the People's Republic of China: Colonial
* Legal Status: Occupied



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